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Lab 4 : Argument Diagramming September 29, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — michellemcmanus @ 2:15 pm

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“An Analogy and an Ideal ” September 28, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — michellemcmanus @ 1:25 am

In ” An Analogy and an Ideal ” , Sunstein brings up two main topics , which are , the public forum doctrine and the republican self government.

The public forum doctrine , according to Sunstein is that people have the freedom of speech in public places. However , this includes the government’s ability to make restrictions on the time , place , and manner of the speech in public places.  Sunstein talks about the three main goals that the public forum doctrine promotes . They are :

  1. “Speakers can have access to a wide array of people”. This means that in public places , there are all different types of people who will hear the arguments being made by the speaker and this perhaps may even change the person or listeners views on certain topics .
  2. “Speakers not only have general access to heterogeneous people , but also to specific people and specific institutions with whom they have a complaint. ” This means that there may be people at speeches who disagree or agree with what is being said by the speaker and intentionally getting the attention on the person or place the speech is about. Also , the listeners are limited in self insulation .
  3. “People generally will be exposed to a wide variety of people and views.” This means that there is a wide  range of experiences  and that people get exposed to many different views  .

Sunstein says the republican self government is , ” that the government is not managed by any king or queen; there is no sovereign operating independently of the people. ” This means that the people elect a person to be a representative of them and for them.

Sunstein argues that the risks involved to these two concepts with the use of technology is that it is decreasing the chances of encounters with diverse others ,that democracy and citizenship is being decreased and that people are taking advantage of the internet to do things quicker and to experience things they have never experienced before (although he does say that there is some good to this). He also argues that consumer sovereignty is becoming political sovereignty, he says that the discussion dominating the internet and other new technologies is whether consumers are getting what they want.

He thinks that  when you have encounters , if they are unplanned , unchosen or unwanted ; you should have that encounter because sometimes it can be life changing .




Lab 3 : Persuasion and Language September 15, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — michellemcmanus @ 3:31 pm

Michele Bachmann a republican presidential candidate said this in a debate on HPV vaccination  mandates:

“… to have innocent little 12-year-old girls be forced to have a government injection through an executive order is just flat-out wrong. That should never be done. It’s a violation of a liberty interest.”

The first time I read and heard  it , I was beginning to believe it. After reading and listening to it a couple of times , I was able to pick out some of her flaws. The government is not forcing girls to get the vaccination , parents are able to sign something that says they don’t want their children to get this vaccination. To me a vaccination to prevent something is not a government injection , a government injection is like the lethal injection for the death penalty .  Also , this vaccination is to help prevent cervical cancer , it is not corrupting the girls of their innocence. Today , a lot of 12-year-old girls aren’t even innocent .



Blog Response to Turkle , Chapter 13 : Anxiety September 14, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — michellemcmanus @ 3:43 am

When Turkle says “Anxiety is part of the new connectivity” she means that today people are using technology a lot to communicate and now that we can use technology for communication we are forming habits that are putting anxiety into our lives. Throughout Chapter 13 , Turkle uses the lives of young people and why they believe that the new connectivity comes with anxiety.

The first person Turkle uses is Julia , a sixteen year old girl whose parents are divorced .Julia has not talked to her father in four years and she needs him to sign a permission slip in order for her to go on a trip to Guatemala and she worries he won’t sign it . However , he signs the form and gives her his email address. Julia has just gotten a new cell phone . She explains that she can only text people on Verizon because it is free and texting to other service carriers cost money. Julia’s phone is always with her . Knowing that she has a text makes her anxious and worried , she feels that she needs to read the message.  After reading her texts of people just saying hello  , Julia says “This makes me feel foolish for having been so scared.” Julia’s life explains how anxiety is a part of the new connectivity because she is always on her phone and if she is in class and gets a message than she starts to worry about what it says and can’t wait to read it.

Another person Turkle introduces us to is Lisa ,  a seventeen year old girl who feels like she has no friends. Lisa says “I come home from school and go online, and I’m feeling okay , and I talk for two hours on the web. But then I still have no friends. I’ll never know who I spoke to. They are “chat people.”…” .  Lisa wonders what her online hours add up to . This explains how anxiety is a part of the new connectivity because chat lines can keep people on forever and they don’t even know the person they are talking to.  People start to become so involved in these chats that they lose their friends and “chat people” are the only people they have to talk to and they start becoming anxious to talk to them.

Then we are introduced to Hannah , a sixteen year old girl who is a member of Internet Relay Chat . She says how she has met some people on this chat but the people are not nice. She said her online friends mock and abuse newcomers and sometimes turn against their own but she does not think this will happen to her ; but she is still not comforted by this. This explains how anxiety is a part of the new connectivity because Hannah has to worry and hope that her online friends won’t turn against her. New members to groups have to worry that people won’t say something just because they started using a certain social networking site.

In the section Hide and Stalk , Turkle introduces us to Chris , a nineteen year old boy that explains how stalking becomes a source of anxiety . Today almost every phone has  a camera and people take pictures all the time and post them on Facebook. Chris says that stalking can be flattering and creepy at the same time but then again everyone has all types of pictures online. He also says that he finds himself stalking pictures of girls to find out who she is friends with , if she is popular and if she has a boyfriend.  Turkle says ” Even when you are alone , you know that people are seeking you out”  A way this explains how anxiety is a part of the new connectivity is that things that you post online can always be visible by somebody , so if you don’t want someone to see something that you post then don’t post it.

Then Turkle introduces us to Hester  , an eighteen year old girl who has started worrying about the things she puts on the internet and that it is too late to take away. Hester says ” That’s the one bad thing about online life. On a typewriter,  you can take the paper out and shred it . But if it’s online , it’s online. People can copy and paste it ; people can email it to each other ; people can print it … You need to be careful what you write on the internet because most of the things … if you put it on the Internet , that’s it. A lot of people … they may or may not have access to it , but still ; it’s there. ” This explains how anxiety is a part of the new connectivity because people are beginning to worry about what they put on the internet because what is out online is online forever . When seniors in high school start to apply for colleges , the colleges can look up everything that have put online and that may affect whether they get in or not.

The last person Turkle introduces us to is Brad , an eighteen year old who knows that online life is not private . Brad usually doesn’t think about it but his friends use “chat logs” and this bothers him . He says ” Anytime you type something , even without your having done anything or agreed to anything , it saves it to a folder. ” Brad did not know about chat logs until a friend brought it up to him .  Brad says he does not see online life as a place to relax and be himself any longer  “because things get recorded… It’s just another thing you have to keep in the back of your mind , that you have to do things  very carefully.”  Anxiety is a part of the new connectivity by Brad’s life by him now knowing that he should be very careful of what he says on the internet. People are starting to worry that it is always possible for people to be saving the things that is said for a proof there is a mistake.

“Anxiety is part of the new connectivity” is related to Michel Foucault’s  discussion of panopitcon because people should monitor what they say and do on the internet  because someone might always be watching you and Michel Foucault’s discussion of is about how if the structure is a prison  , the inmates know the guard can potentially always see them , so they try not to do anything they know will get them in trouble.


Survey Questions for Polldaddy September 12, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — michellemcmanus @ 12:55 am

1.How old are you ?

2.What gender are you?

A. Male

B. Female

3. Claim: When someone holds a phone , it can be hard to know if you have that persons attention. [Chapter 8]

Question : If someone is looking at their phone while you are talking to them , do you feel as if you have their attention.

A. Yes

B. No

C. A little bit

4. Do you ever look at your phone , while you are holding a face to face conversation with someone?

A. Yes

B. No

C. Sometimes

5.Claim :  Connectivity becomes a craving …( Chapter 11)

Question: On a scale of 1 -5 (1 being very    and 5 being ) , when you receive a text message , do you feel the need to look at it right away ?

6.Claim : Our devices keep us distracted (Chapter 11)

Question : While doing homework on the computer , do you wind up on social networking sites like Facebook , instead of doing your homework?

A. Most of the time

B. All of the time

C. None of the time

D. Sometimes

7.Claim: Technology allows people to write themselves into the person who they want to be . (Chapter 10)

Question : On a scale of 1-5 (1 being true and 5 being not true at all ), when writing your profile on a social networking site , how true to yourself do you stay?

8. Would you  ever say something to someone online , that you wouldn’t say in person ?

A. Yes

B. It depends on the person

C. Never

9. Claim:Sometimes you don’t have time for your friends except if they’re online. (Chapter 9)

Question : How often do you see your friends in person (not including in school )?

10.Would you rather talk to a friend on the phone or through a text message?

A. On the phone

B. Through a text message


Lab Two : Argumentation , Statements and Inference September 8, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — michellemcmanus @ 12:53 am

Article One Analysis

While reading this article , it helped to explain why the death penalty was morally right and gave reasons as to why those who believe that the death penalty is morally wrong , are not actually looking at the facts . The author was using deductive reasoning in his or her argument because he or she uses general to specific statements . The author first states that morality is defined by the prinicples of right and wrong . Then the author states that the point of the death penalty is not to see how much pain can be unleashed on the murderer but to bring the murderer to justice.  At the end of the article , the author makes the specific statement that murderers are not innocent people fighting for their lives; that statement describes their victims.

1.Morality is defined by the principles of right and wrong

2.The death penalty is not to see how much pain can be unleashed on the murderer but to bring the murderer to justice


3.Murderers are not innocent people fighting fot their lives ; that statement describes their victims.

Article Two Analysis

This article was basically just a list of  why the person was aganist the death penalty . The author was using inductive reasoning in his or her argument because he or she used specific to general statements. The author first states that the death penalty is over ruling the right to life . Then the author states that we can not hold murderers fully responisble for their crimes. At the end of this article , the author makes the general statement that the death penalty is a moral dishonor.

1.The death penalty is over ruling the right to life.

2.We cannot hold murderers fully responisble for their crimes


3.The death penalty  is a moral dishonor


Response to Turkle , Chapter 9 : Growing up Tethered September 6, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — michellemcmanus @ 6:06 pm

At the beginning of chapter 9 ,after asking the students at Cranston School , why they text while driving , and listening to their reasons, Turkle came up with the conclusion that  “Their reasons are not reasons; they simply express a need to connect.” When Turkle says that adolescents are growing up tethered , she means that adolescents are growing up always being connected to each other by technology like cellphones and the internet .

Throughout chapter 9 , Turkle argues about the implications of growing up this way . An implication of growing up this way is that adolescents feel as if they must always be available and that they except their friends to always be available .  When talking to people a common compliant that Turkle receives  is that  “Sometimes you don’t have time for your friends except if they’re online .” Another claim that Turkle makes is that Social Networking sites allow people to create a fake and different persona of their self . She also states that people do this so that they can be noticed by others and not stand out too much .

For me , I feel as if I always have to be connected to the internet and my phone . I feel this way because what if my parents try to contact me and I don’t answer and then they start to worry. Also , I feel like I always have to be available on Facebook , Twitter, etc .. ; so I can talk to my friends back home .

My profiles for social networking sites are  me , I don’t put something on if it isn’t me  . However, I know people who will put stuff on their profile  just so that they can fit in with everyone else . I also notice that some people tend to be more open on sites like Facebook , then they really are in person .

I agree with Turkle that growing up tethered adolescents feel as of they and also their friends should always be available and that social networking sites allow people to turn their self into someone who is completely different than their true self . In chapter 9 , I think Turkle misses the mark about intimacy requiring privacy because even though she talks about it a little ,she could have expanded on it more because  that is a big problem now a days.